Also an Indian (Sanskrit) name meaning 'border' People who like the name Sima also like: The Shiji comprises 130 chapters consisting of half a million characters. Empress Lv Zhi 吕雉 (241 BC – 180 BC). All but one, the "Rhapsody in Lament for Gentlemen who do not Meet their Time" (士不遇賦) have been lost, and even the surviving example is probably not complete. In addition to these namesake categories, there are chapters falling under the categories of biao (表) or 'tables', containing graphical chronologies of royalty and nobility; shu (書) or 'treatises', consisting of essays giving a historical perspective on various topics like music, ritual, or economics; and shijia (世家) or 'house chronicles', documenting important events in the histories of the ruling houses of each of the quasi-independent states that were originally vassals to the Zhou dynasty kings, together with accounts of contemporary aristocratic houses established during the Han dynasty. Sima's works were influential to Chinese writing, serving as ideal models for various types of prose within the neo-classical ("renaissance" 复古) movement of the Tang-Song period. [1], The jizhuanti format refers to the organization of the work into benji (本紀) or 'basic annals' chapters containing the biographies of the sovereigns ('sons of heaven') organized by dynasty and liezhuan (列傳) or 'ordered biographies' chapters containing the biographies of influential non-nobles, sometimes for one prominent individual, but often for two or more people who, in Sima Qian's judgment, played similar roles in history. As a senior imperial official, Sima was also in the position to offer counsel to the emperor on general affairs of state. We estimate that there are at least 81200 persons in the world having this name which is around 0.002% of the population. As the first universal history of the world as it was known to the ancient Chinese, the Records of the Grand Historian served as a model for official history-writing for subsequent Chinese dynasties and the Chinese cultural sphere (Korea, Vietnam, Japan) up until the 20th century.[1]. Moreover, it has also been pointed out that Sima Qian would have been reluctant to render substantive aid to Ren An, given the severe consequences that he suffered for supporting General Li Ling, as well as Ren An's failure to act on his behalf during the Li Ling affair. Although he is universally remembered for the Records, surviving works indicate that he was also a gifted poet and prose writer, and he was instrumental in the creation of the Taichu calendar, which was officially promulgated in 104 BC. He described his pain thus: "When you see the jailer you abjectly touch the ground with your forehead.      If even the lowest slave and scullion maid can bear to commit suicide, why should not one like myself be able to do what has to be done? Last edited by Weeping_Angel }Y{ on Mon Feb 17, 2020 2:25 am, edited 1 time in total. To begin with, Sima's work was concerned with the history of the known world. The most Sima families were found in the USA in 1920. But in the end he lived to a great old age. Because in the latter case he was writing about his own times, he did not express his judgements frankly, but used subtle and guarded language. [16] Previous Chinese historians had focused on only one dynasty and/or region. It means that this name is commonly used. Three years after the death of his father, Sima Qian assumed his father's previous position as taishi. As such, the historian had to tread carefully and often expressed his judgements in a circuitous way designed to fool the censor. When I have truly completed this work, I shall deposit it in the Famous Mountain. Sima is a name that's been used primarily by parents who are considering baby names for girls. Unlike most single- Chinese family names, it is one of the rare. Sima adopted a new method in sorting out the historical data and a new approach to writing historical records. In 1880 there were 13 Sima families living in Minnesota. Sima also emphasized, for the first time in Chinese history, the role of individual men in affecting the historical development of China and his historical perception that a country cannot escape from the fate of growth and decay. BizFun Business Chinese Series offers a wide range of Chinese language training courses modules to cater to different proficiency levels and professional requirements. For this reason I have set forth this account of his deeds, arranging them in proper chronological order, so that he may not forever suffer from an evil reputation and be known for nothing else".[14]. Sima — or SIMA may refer to:People* Sima (surname), for people with this Chinese name * Sima Bina, Persian musician * Sima Khan, Pakistani celebrity * Josef Sima (1891 1971), Czech painter * Oskar Sima (1896 1969), Austrian actorPlaces* Sima, Comoros, a … [23] The favorable picture of the traitor Zhonghang who went over to the Xiongnu who bests the Emperor's loyal envoy in an ethnographic argument about what is the morally superior nation appears to be Sima's way of attacking the entire Chinese court system where the Emperor preferred the lies told by his sycophantic advisors over the truth told by his honest advisors as inherently corrupt and depraved. [16] In this regard, Sima was significant as the first Chinese historian to treat the peoples living to the north of the Great Wall like the Xiongnu as human beings who were implicitly the equals of the Middle Kingdom, instead of the traditional approach which had portrayed the Xiongnu as savages who had the appearance of humans, but the minds of animals. Sima Lun is a playable and historical character featured in chapter pack Eight Princes of Total War: Three Kingdoms. He was most likely born about 145 BC, though some sources give his birth year as about 135 BC. The lucky number of Sima name is 3 and also find similar names. Sima is a Muslim Girl name and has Arabic origin. According to the Book of Han, Wang Mang sent an expedition to search for and ennoble a male-line descent of Sima Qian as 史通子 ("Viscount of Historical Mastery"), although it was not recorded who received this title of nobility. [15] Reflecting these rigorous analytic methods, Sima declared that he would not write about periods of history where there was insufficient documentation. Sima mentioned at least 75 books he used for cross-checking. Sima 名字的含义 Sima is a Muslim Girl name and it is an Arabic originated name with multiple meanings. Hoorah! [1] For an example, Sima tells the story of a Chinese eunuch named Zhonghang Yue who become an advisor to the Xiongnu kings. Sima's famous letter to his friend Ren An about his sufferings during the Li Ling Affair and his perseverance in writing Shiji is today regarded as a highly admired example of literary prose style, studied widely in China even today. [15] But several historians have suggested that parts of the Shiji, such as where Sima placed his section on Confucius's use of indirect criticism in the part of the book dealing with the Xiongnu "barbarians" might indicate his disapproval of the foreign policy of the Emperor Wu. After his travels, Sima was chosen to be a Palace Attendant in the government, whose duties were to inspect different parts of the country with Emperor Wu in 122 BC. Before his castration, Sima Qian was recorded to have two sons and a daughter. "grand scribe" or "grand astrologer"). Before Sima, histories were written as certain events or certain periods of history of states; his idea of a general history affected later historiographers like Zheng Qiao (鄭樵) in writing Tongzhi and Sima Guang in writing Zizhi Tongjian. Do you need a Middle Name to go along with the baby name, Sima? [11] Some later historians claimed that Sima Qian himself became implicated in the rebellion as a result of his friendship with Ren An and was executed as part of the purge of the crown prince's supporters in court; however, the earliest attested record of this account dates from the 4th century. "[16] Reflecting the traditional Chinese reverence for age, Sima stated that he preferred to interview the elderly as he believed that they were the most likely to supply him with correct and truthful information about had happened in the past. [6] Sima grew up in a Confucian environment, and Sima always regarded his historical work as an act of Confucian filial piety to his father. [16] The annals follow the traditional Chinese pattern of court-based histories of the lives of various emperors and their families. Sima had immense influence on historiography not only in China, but also in Japan and Korea. It appears that Sima Tan was only able to put together an outline of the work before he died. [20] Likewise, Confucius is included in the fourth section rather the fifth where he properly belonged as a way of showing his eminent virtue. But before I had finished my rough manuscript, I met with this calamity. [15], In writing Shiji, Sima initiated a new writing style by presenting history in a series of biographies. Often called by Chinese scholars as “secondary monarchs,” many empresses played significant roles (good or bad) in different dynasties and affect the course of Chinese history. [20] For example, in the basic annals section, the Emperor Gaozu is portrayed as a good leader whereas in the section dealing with his rival Xiang Yu, the Emperor is portrayed unflatteringly. [27] Sima is little known in the English-speaking world as a full translation of the Shiji in English has not yet been completed. Always pressing onwards to the future with a composed focus, he acts as the strategist and commander for his people. [20] Sima analyzed the records and sorted out those that could serve the purpose of Shiji. 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