Until recently James Bohman’s New Philosophy of Social Science was the major text that engaged the relationship between contemporary critical theory and the methodology of social science. An example of a research methodology that is in agreement with the critical paradigm is action research (Lather, 2006). Understand the Critical Path Method. Keywords: Paradigm, Ontology, Epistemology, Methodology, Methods, Positivist, Interpretive, Critical, Quality, Criteria 1. A critical race methodology also poses a direct challenge to traditional education research paradigms that focus on students of color as culturally deficit. methods as seen compatible with the positivist, interpretive, and critical paradigms. Background: There are three commonly known philosophical research paradigms used to guide research methods and analysis: positivism, interpretivism and critical theory. The Interpretive Research Paradigm: A Critical Review Of Is Research Methodologies Mwenda J. Gichuru Meru University of Science and Technology, School of Computing and Informatics, Department of Information Technology, Meru, Kenya I. Critical theory is a social theory oriented toward critiquing and changing society as a whole. Research methods used in critical research include interviews and group discussions, that is, methods that allow for collaboration and can be carefully deployed in a way that avoids discrimination (Mackenzie & Knipe, 2006). Being able to justify the decision to adopt or reject a philosophy should be part of the basis of research. Have you ever heard of the Theory of Constraints (TOC)?. Indeed in many ways it is a better text for introducing the subject. The research focused on understanding and explaining society from various points of view. Introduction Stenhouse (1984) in Welligton (2000: 11) defines educational research as … First described by Elliyahu Goldratt in his 1984 book, The Goal, this theory states that your ability to complete any activity hinges on a few critical resources or constraints. Raymond Morrow’s work is a welcome addition to such analysis. It differs from traditional theory, which focuses only on understanding or explaining society. Before critical research theory was used in sociology, most sociological research was interpretive. The main aims of twenty-first-century epistemology of critical theory become as follows: formulate a theory of normative rationality, reclaim commitments to rational praxis, and educate the sciences to maintain dialectics as their pivotal scope and method of advance. 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