It is worth noting that at the Council of Florence, held a half century before Luther, the Eastern Churches were well represented. (Hellenism was a reference to Greek influence on the ancient world.) Bible means “book,” and it is a collection of books from different lands, authors, languages and historical periods, a text by which to pass on our faith. Why do Catholic Bibles have a longer Old Testament than Protestant Bibles? The Catholic Church didn’t add books. which consisted roughly of the thirty-nine (39) books Western Jews use today, as well as what we see in the Protestant Old Testament. Historically, you can see the Catholic Church was neither trying to “pull a fast one” on Christians just to back-up an arbitrary theology, nor is there any historical sentiment that the deuterocanonical books are in some way not salutary to read. For us, it’s not a matter of academics, but rather a matter of authority. Broken link? Maybe people should get a Byzantine or Oriental Orthodox Bible instead to get “ALL of the Scriptures.” , The issue of the Eastern Orthodox canon is a complicated one, namely because there isn’t a singularly agreed upon canon among them. Or do you base it on the apostolic authority of the apostles and bishops of the early Church? His aversion toward the doctrine of Purgatory leaves us with a pretty obvious clue. The so-called deuterocanonical books actually aren’t even New Testament books. They do make mistakes sometimes. After Martin Luther, some Christians (Protestants) began using a shorter thirty-nine book Old Testament. I don’t need to. No, these books are NOT gnostic gospels you may have heard about. Christians are sometimes wholly unaware that this difference exists, completely misled as to why there is a difference, or confident that their particular canon of books is undoubtedly the original. As I enter into prayer today, I will take…, The beauty of each narrative found in the Sacred Scriptures lies in the fact that there are always, in reality,…, Life in a prison cell may well be compared to advent. Why Should an Evangelical Become Catholic? Didn’t the Catholic Church Add to the Bible? I can say that with confidence because I know my history, and I know history will back up what I’m saying. Why Does The Catholic Bible Have 7 More Books Than The Protestant Bible? Of course, this really isn’t a big issue for some Christians. The desire to give to the Lord…, Discipleship is key to evangelization. The contents of this blog are not necessarily the opinions of any Catholic parish, diocese, jurisdiction, priest, bishop, cardinal, pope or King Jesus himself. Before the set formation of the Christian Bible there were books which the Hebrews generally rejected as Scripture, but which most of Catholicism accepted as Scripture, resulting in a 73 books OT canon, though an indisputable canon was not provided by Roman Catholicism until after the … It’s highly recommended by priests and catechists alike. We have clear historical evidence of Septuagint (Deuterocanon) books not only written in Hebrew, but also quoted as Scripture in early Jewish writings. Video. View all posts by Shane Schaetzel, Thank you for this post. End of story. In fact, there are so many that a common question heard today is: “which one should I use?” May I suggest only using those English Bibles that are COMPLETE? Dr. Scott Hahn’s RSV Ignatius Catholic Study Bible Old Testament and New Testament (Amazon affiliate link) have extensive footnotes. Why Does the Catholic Bible Have More Books? – uCatholic 6 Saints Who Could Fly – Philip Kosloski, Aleteia Take a Virtual Tour of […] So they took it upon themselves to translate those books, that they all agreed were worthy of being considered divinely inspired Scripture. (It always is.) This Greek canon helped Judaism to expand rapidly in the ancient world, and brought in a number of Greek-speaking Gentile converts. In about 367 AD, St. Athanasius came up with a list of 73 books for the Bible that he believed to be divinely inspired. They are solely the opinions of the blogger, who is a faithful and orthodox Catholic. They themselves are not infallible, and that is why we have a whole Church community to guide us to God. That’s my suggestion. Don’t you feel like you’re missing something, especially considering the history and theology? The Catholic canon is not a willy-nilly, pick-and-choose for your own personal church; it’s a sacred collection of divinely-inspired writings that guide the life of Catholics universally as it did the apostles. As Fr. For example; we might be able to fool some people for a while with our propaganda, especially those who aren’t willing to look things up for themselves, but as soon as somebody cracks open a real history book, all of our propaganda will be in vain. That’s it! As to why the Catholics have more books, it is a matter of ecclesiastical history. If you are a Christian, rejecting books based on their language doesn’t make as much sense. Check it with real history books and see for yourself. You may also like. one waits, hopes…the door is shut and can be…, My Jesus, by the pain You did endure when Your Left hand was pierced with the nail, give me true…. Please let us know. We believe it is the divinely-inspired Word of God, but there is no list in Scripture itself telling us directly which books are or are not official canon. This is because Roman Catholics have 7 additional books in their Old Testament: Tobit, Judith, 1-2 Maccabees, Wisdom of Solomon, Sirach, and Baruch. Jerome and Augustine are saints, but like every saint, they are only human, so their different conclusions should not scandalize us. Were those 7 books removed by the Protestants, or added by the Catholics? The Catholic canon was approved at councils of the Early Church and by saints. The real question is, who has the authority to determine the Christian canon? In general, there was only the Catholic bible canon until Martin Luther started the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. Some Bible publishers agree, and have begun to reprint them in various ways. It’s part of what makes the Bible so unique and inspired. I, along with millions of others, are living proof of that. Or does that authority belong to the apostles and the bishops of the early Church? What about the New Testament? Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The church was able to discern which of the books were indeed inspired by God, and which did not belong in the Bible, so how did they know which ones belonged and which ones didn’t? These books inconveniently (for him) defend the Catholic Church’s long-standing beliefs on issues Luther did not agree with. But the Church later reaffirmed the Christian canon of Scripture as the current Catholic one that includes the deuterocanonicals, and St. Jerome submitted willingly to this authoritative decision. Every Christian, regardless if Catholic or Protestant, deserves access to ALL of the Scriptures. The USCCB recommends the New American or the Revised Standard Version for English translations. The seven additional books in question are…. At that council, and likewise at previous councils before 1054,there was no dissent regarding the Vulgate selection of books still used by the Catholic Church now and also already at the time of St. Jerome. Read as many as you can! The strange thing about the Protestant attitude is that they acknowledge the events in these books but deny that they are religious or theological in an authoritative way. However, to other Christians, the issue of the Biblical canon is of key importance when it comes to their understanding of the Catholic Church. The term was applied to books taught only to those who were considered wise or learned. Protestants) were hiding underground. They surmise that the original Hebrew/Aramaic Tanakh (Protocanon) must be more accurate, because after all, it is older. This list was finally approved by Pope Damasus I in 382 AD, and was formally approved by the Church Council of Rome in that same year. Why do Roman Catholic Bibles have More Books in the Old Testament? My question is, if the Septuagint (Deuterocanon) was good enough for the apostles and early Church, with its additional seven books and all, then why is it not good enough for us today? However, there was something different about this translation of the Scriptures. Anyway, the list of objections goes on and on — ad infinitum — but what it really comes down to is this. Martin Luther would justify his rejection of the deuterocanonical books based on St. Jerome’s decision to follow the Hebrew Bible, but Luther failed to acknowledge Jerome’s subsequent reversal and submission to authority. (We didn’t start making things up all of a sudden!). Among the changes that transpired were the following: Virtually all of these changes occurred in those formative decades after the fall of the Temple, and were carried over into all of the synagogues in the West. I assert that all of the scholarly academic opinions in the world do not justify removing books from the Old Testament that all Christians had used for fifteen centuries! The longer Old Testament script is simply to “cover all the bases” which isn’t a bad thing at all, but in the West, Rome likes to settle these issues definitively. Did you enjoy this post? Photo Credit: Nathan Dumlau / Unsplash.com. Why does the Catholic Bible have more books than the Protestant Bible? It’s preached from behind the pulpits, on television, radio, the Internet and even written into various evangelistic tracts. [public domain / Wikipedia ] The Old Testament in Catholic Bibles contains seven more books … First of all, Catholics don’t believe that Saints are infallible. These include the books of Sirach and Tobit. The fact is, the apostles and bishops of the early Church believed BOTH CANONS were authoritative — both the Hebrew/Aramaic Tanakh (Protocanon), and the Greek Septuagint (Deuterocanon). Ecclesiastes, Esther, and 1 Chronicles (undisputed OT books) aren’t referenced in the New Testament. So that’s not a valid reason for rejecting the deuterocanonical books. The truth is the truth, so we might as well just face it. The authority to determine the canon of Scripture rests in the apostles and their successors (bishops), not in individual Saints. Again, look it up in any history book on the topic and see for yourself. The Catholics have more books in their Bible than we do. So that was the canon of Scripture that came to be the Christian Old Testament. Why the Catholic Bible has 7 More Books than the Protestant Bible. This is my first message I hope you can help me with this : My husband is Catholic and he has the Catholic Bible but he could not answer this question I have been reading it and I have a question. And, ask these in a charitable manner—don’t go attacking others, even if they attack your canon. 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